Nursing Occupational Hazards

Every Patient Deserves a Safe Nurse

Maggie Flanagan, RN (PDF file)

Personal Safety for Nurses

Alison M. Trinkoff, Jeanne M. Geiger-Brown, Claire C. Caruso, Jane A. Lipscomb, Meg Johantgen, Audrey L. Nelson, Barbara A. Sattler, Victoria L. Selby (PDF file)

Occupational Hazards for Pregnant Nurses

Alex, Marion Rita RN, MN, CNM - AJN, American Journal of Nursing: January 2011 - Volume 111 - Issue 1 - pp 28-37 (PDF file)

Health and Safety of Older Nurses

Letvak S. - University of North Carolina at Greensboro, School of Nursing

Obesity in Patients and Nurses Increases the
Nurse’s Risk of Injury Lifting Patients


Workplace Health, Safety and Well-being of the Nurse -
Healthy Work Environments Best Practice Guidelines

Registered NursesíAssociation of Ontario (PDF file)

Infuences on Nurse Perception of Hospital Unit Safety Climate

Rangaraj Ramanujam, PhD, et al; Purdue University (PDF file)

Guidelines in Occupational Safety & Health for Elderly Home Workers

(PDF file)

Home Health Care Patients and Safety Hazards in the Home: Preliminary Findings

Robyn RM Gershon, MT, MHS, DrPH, et al
Henriksen K, Battles JB, Keyes MA, et al editors - Advances in Patient Safety: New Directions and Alternative Approaches (Vol. 1: Assessment). Rockville (MD): Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; 2008 Aug. (PDF file)

Workplace Safety and Risk Management for Home Healthcare Workers

CellTrak (PDF file)

Home Healthcare


Home and Community Care - Work safety

Australian Government

Patient Safety and Quality in Home Health Care

Carol Hall Ellenbecker; Linda Samia; Margaret J. Cushman; Kristine Alster -
National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine

Handbook of Occupational Hazards and Controls for Homecare Providers

Government of Alberta (PDF file)

Health & Safety in the Home Care Environment

Ontario Safety Association for Community & Healthcare (pdf)

Homecare Worker Health and Safety

Laura Stock, MPH - Labor Occupational Health Program UC Berkeley (ppt)

Safety Manual for Homecare Workers

Oregon Homecare Commission (pdf)

Home and Community Health Worker Handbook

Work Safe BC (pdf)

Handbook of Occupational Hazards and Controls for Community Clinics and Doctorsí Offices

Government of Alberta (PDF file)

Work Stress and Burnout Among Nurses:
Role of the Work Environment and Working Conditions

Bonnie M. Jennings, D.N.Sc., R.N., F.A.A.N. (pdf)

The Relationship Between Workplace Stress and Depression in Nurses

Jennifer Larson



The Effect of Health Care Working Conditions on Patient Safety

David H Hickam, MD, MPH, Principal Investigator, Susan Severance, MPH, Adrianne Feldstein, MD, MS, Leslie Ray, PhD, RN, Paul Gorman, MD, Sherrie Schuldheis, PhD, RN, William R Hersh, MD, Kathryn Pyle Krages, AMLS, MA, and Mark Helfand, MD, MS, EPC Director (pdf)

Occupational Hazards in Home Healthcare

HIOSH (PDF file)

The impact of nursing work environments on patient safety outcomes: the mediating role of burnout / engagement


International Hazard Datasheets on Occupation ó Nurse

International Labour Organization (ILO)

International Hazard Datasheets on Occupation - Nurse, Occupational Health

International Labour Organization (ILO) (PDF file)

Environmental Hazards for the Nurse as a Worker - The National Academies Press

Nursing is a uniquely hazardous occupation. This appendix summarizes some of the major hazards nurses may face on-the-job, and provides statistics for illnesses and injuries among nurses associated with working conditions.

Keeping Patients Safe: Transforming the Work Environment of Nurses

Ann Page, Committee on Work Environment for Nurses - National Academies Press, 2004

Personal Safety for Nurses

Patient Safety and Quality: An Evidence-Based Handbook for Nurses (PDF file)

Occupational Health and Safety Management Programme for Nurses

International Council of Nurses (PDF file)

Emergency Needlestick Information


Ontario Safety Association for Community & Healthcare

First Steps to Health & Safety: Orientation for New Employees

The Connecticut Hospital Association - STUDENT ORIENTATION CURRICULUM GUIDE

Adapted from: The Yale-New Haven Hospital Health and Safety Training Manual (PDF file)

Duke University Medical Center Nursing Radiation Safety Page

Exposure of Postoperative Nurses to Exhaled Anesthetic Gases

Anesthesia & Analgesia, Vol 87, 1083-1088


Johns Hopkins Medicine
A study based on a survey measuring attitudes toward the work environment in the operating room (OR) reveals that surgeons exhibit the lowest level of teamwork and nurses the highest.

Impact of Shift Work on the Health and Safety of Nurses and Patients

BERGER AM, HOBBS BB. Clin J Oncol Nurs 2006;10(4):465-71

Influence of Workplace Demands on Nurses' Perception of Patient Safety

Nursing & Health Sciences - Volume 10 Issue 2, Pages 144 - 150

Effects of Critical Care Nursesí Work Hours on Vigilance and Patientsí Safety

American Journal of Critical Care. 2006;15: 30-37

Work Environment for Nurses and Patient Safety

Institute of Medicine - National Academy of Sciences

How Nurses Work - A Key Factor in Patient Safety

The National Academy of Sciences

The Working Hours Of Hospital Staff Nurses And Patient Safety

Ann E. Rogers et. all - HEALTH A F FA I R S ~ Vo l u m e 2 3 , Nu m b e r 4 2 0, 2004 (PDF file)

SAFETY IN NUMBERS Nurse-to-Patient Ratios and the Future of Health Care

Suzanne Gordon; John Buchanan; Tanya Bretherton - Cornell Press

Nursing, Health, and the Environment - Environmental Hazards for the Nurse as a Worker

Institute of Medicine (IOM) - The National Academies Press

Work-related Stress in Nursing: Controlling the Risk to Health

Professor Tom Cox, Dr. Amanda Griffiths, Professor Sue Cox (PDF file)

Workplace Health, Safety and Well-being of the Nurse Guideline (2008)

Registered Nursesí Association of Ontario


International Council of Nurses

The Effect of Nurse Staffing Patterns on Medical Errors and Nurse Burnout

Garrett C - AORN J. 2008;87:1191-1204

Fatigue, Sleepiness, and Medical Errors

Ashish K. Jha, M.D. University of California, San Francisco School of Medicine, Bradford W. Duncan, M.D. Stanford University School of Medicine, David W. Bates, M.D., M.Sc. Harvard Medical School

The Impact of Shift Work on the Risk and Severity of Injuries for Hospital Employees:
An Analysis Using Oregon Workers' Compensation Data

Shift work generally is defined as work hours that are scheduled outside of daylight. Shift work disrupts the synchronous relationship between the body's internal clock and the environment. The disruption often results in problems such as sleep disturbances, increased accidents and injuries, and social isolation. Physiologic effects include changes in rhythms of core temperature, various hormonal levels, immune functioning, and activity-rest cycles. Adaptation to shift work is promoted by reentrainment of the internally regulated functions and adjustment of activity-rest and social patterns. Nurses working various shifts can improve shift-work tolerance when they understand and adopt counter measures to reduce the feelings of jet lag. By learning how to adjust internal rhythms to the same phase as working time, nurses can improve daytime sleep and family functioning and reduce sleepiness and work-related errors. Modifying external factors such as the direction of the rotation pattern, the number of consecutive night shifts worked, and food and beverage intake patterns can help to reduce the negative health effects of shift work. Nurses can adopt counter measures such as power napping, eliminating overtime on 12-hour shifts, and completing challenging tasks before 4 am to reduce patient care errors.HORWITZ I. B., University of Texas, School of Public Health ; MCCALL B. P. University of Minnesota, Carlson School of Management


Occupational Health Clinics for Ontario Workers Inc.

Business and Leadership - Nursing Injury Rates and Negative Patient Outcomes: Connecting the Dots

AAOHN Journal, Vol. 55 No. 11, November 2007, William Charney, DOH and Joseph Schirmer, MS

Workplace Hazards

Washington State Nurses Association

Environmental Hazards for the Nurse as a Worker

National Academy of Sciences

Sexual Harassment as an Occupational Hazard in Nursing

A questionnaire was administered to qualified and student nurses to assess the prevalence and consequences of sexual harassment. There was a 56% completion rate. Of these 43 (66%) of the registered nurses and nine (35%) of the student nurses reported having experienced sexual harassment. The incidence of harassment for registered nurses in the year prior to the study was 46%. Patients were most likely to be the harasser for both student and registered nurses but there was an increased likelihood that other staff were involved in the harassment of registered nurses with doctors and male nursing staff being the predominant perpetrators. Dimensions of assertiveness and sex role identity did not predict the likelihood of harassment. Results are discussed in the context of attribution theory and gender power relationships. Alice J. Dan; Debra A. Pinsof; Laura L. Riggs

General Healthcare Safety


Exposure to Stress: Occupational Hazards in Hospitals


Patient Handling Techniques to Prevent MSDs in Health Care

European Agency for Safety and Health at Work

Patient Safety and Quality


Workplace Safety Tool Kit

Association of periOperative Registered Nurses


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